叉车 电梯 锅炉 起重机 设备 特种设备 压力容器
Regulations on Safety Supervision of Special Equipment (2009 Revision), Article 99
As used in these Regulations:
(1)"Boiler" means the equipment which heats the liquid it holds to a certain parameter and outputs thermal energy by using various fuels, electricity or other energy resources, and which ranges from pressure-bearing steam boilers with a volume of not less than 30L, pressure-bearing hot-water boilers with the outlet water pressure not less than 0.1MPa (gauge pressure) and the rated power not less than 0.1MW, to organic fluid boilers.
(2)"Pressure vessel" means the enclosed equipment which is capable of holding gas or liquid and carrying a certain pressure, and which ranges from stationary vessels and transportable vessels for gas or liquefied gas whose maximum working pressure is not less than 0.1MPa (gauge pressure)and the product of whose pressure multiplied by volume is not less than 2.5MPa L, or for liquid whose maximum working temperature is not lower than its standard boiling point, gas cylinders for gas or liquefied gas whose nominal working pressure is not less than 0.2MPa (gauge pressure)and the product of whose pressure multiplied by volume is not less than 1.0MPa L, or for liquid whose standard boiling point is not more than 60℃, to hyperbaric oxygen chambers, etc.
(3)"Pressure pipeline" means the pipe-shaped equipment which is capable of transmitting gas or liquid under a certain pressure, and which is used to transmit gas, liquefied gas or steam medium whose maximum working pressure is not less than 0.1MPa (gauge pressure), or liquid medium which is flammable, explosive, toxic or corrosive and whose maximum working temperature is not lower than its standard boiling point and whose nominal diameter is larger than 25 mm.
(4)"Elevator" means a kind of power-driven machinery used to provide vertical or horizontal transportation of humans or commodities by using a car moving along a rigid rail or a step-type conveyer moving along a fixed rail, including passenger (cargo) elevators, escalators, automatic moving walks, etc.
(5)"Lifting appliance" means a kind of machinery used to provide vertical or vertical/ horizontal transportation of heavy goods, ranging from lifters whose rated lifting capacity is not less than 0.5t, to cranes and fixed electric hoists whose rated lifting capacity is not less than It and whose lifting height is not less than 2m, etc.
(6)"Passenger ropeway" means a kind of power-driven machinery which transports humans by using flexible ropes to haul carriages, including passenger aerial ropeways, passenger trolleys, passenger towing cableways, etc.
(7))"Large amusement device" means amusement equipment used to transport passengers for business purposes, and restricted to that whose design maximum operating linear velocity is not less than 2m/s or whose operating height is not lower than 2m above ground.
(8)"Non-road vehicle" means a specialized motor vehicle operating in specific areas such as factory premises, tourist attractions and amusement places, excluding road traffic and farming vehicles. Special equipment also includes the materials used, auxiliary safety accessories, safety protection devices and other related facilities.